In Greek, kósmos (κόσμος) literally means “order”—from the point of view of ontology, however, it represents the cosmos, i.e. ordered and rational space, as opposed to chaos.
According to Heraclitus, traditionally held to be the philosopher of universal becoming, the law that governs reality becomes manifest in the harmony of opposites; and the never-ending transformations of the world are born from the continuous, dynamic, and cyclical action of the opposing forces of the universe. The meaning and subject-matter of Lorenzo Passi’s exhibition also unfold from this thought. In these works, he has given life to a veritable unexplored landscape.
Kosmos is the habitat of a planet that is familiar, but not our own. It is inhabited by creatures that make up its flora and fauna, with light and darkness alternating in a continuous and orderly motion.
We find ourselves imbued in a crystalline and yet changing dimension, where Passi’s materials, glass and metal, become a metaphor for the insoluble contrast between man and nature that, instead of generating chaos, is disclosed in the rational order of life. The ensuing image is not meant to be hope or utopia—it is a narrative of an age in which nature lives on, and reproduces in ways and forms made possible by her interaction with man.
In the delicate process of producing this artwork, every breath that went into shaping glass is a vital part of the artist that imprints itself on matter, not unlike a soul in a body. In this process, Passi achieves a catharsis, overcoming the artist’s role as creator and becoming, as a human being, one of the contrasting elements that generate the continuous transformation of nature.
Thus, the exhibition becomes a dimension that the visitor is invited to discover, crystallized in the moment in which life becomes manifest.
Flora and Fauna. In Fauna, the steel that, in the manufacturing phase, restrained the expansion of glass and became its exoskeleton, is about to open up and set its internal matter free. By this actions, it expresses the harmonious transformations of nature, already expressed in the Flora series, where the planet’s vigorous and pure vegetation is depicted.
Flora and Fauna are novel series; they are the result of the artist’s experimenting with unprecedented routes with respect to the classical ways of art glass production. They stem from an intimate need to make imperfection a fundamental part of the life process as well as that of artwork. Nature, therefore, which to our eyes is unpredictable and irregular, becomes the primary source of inspiration, in a discourse that allows for error as a form of purity and harmony.
Light is a metaphor of fire, like an ever-rising and setting sun, continually bestowing life and death, and returning ever the same. In a process of universal becoming, it defines this eternal existence, structured in its endless series of opposites. Fire is therefore the focal concept in Passi’s exhibition, as inspired by Heraclitus’s thought. In the exhibition space, fire, as well as light, is powerfully evoked by the works themselves, which are none but the fruit of a transformation of glass, a material that may be molded only in the fiery heat of the furnace.
As light and darkness alternate, they also express the twofold aspect of the exhibition: on the one hand, it shows us the orderly design of the union of man and nature; on the other, it abruptly and totally changes the environment, evoking in the visitor the sensation of being in another space, where the individual works are no longer part of the scenery, but, having become the only source of light, are revealed as unique elements, in all their purity.
This exhibition is atypical with respects to Passi’s previous experience in the past years. It is an important moment in the artist’s evolution and expressiveness. The latter, though born in, and recognized as belonging to, the world of glass, has come to implement its communicative power through a collaboration with interactive art, effectively interlacing two formally different worlds with very appreciable effects, as seen in his latests exhibitions.
依据赫拉克利的宇宙观，便也可解读洛伦佐.芭西 [Lorenzo Passi]这次展览的主题和内涵；在这些作品里，他将混沌的未知空间、自然重新赋予生命。